When search for an ophthalmologist?
Many are the ocular signs and symptoms in children that are unnoticed by parents or in adults that self-medicate, significantly impairing the vision vision.
The considered normal child, should be taken to the ophthalmologist around 4 years old for the first examination, and if any visual change is detected, the child can be examined regardless of age, including newborns.
The assessment of visual function and integrity of ocular structures must be part of routine pediatric examinations. Often the child sees well only with one eye, being the bearer of amblyopia, which is a reduction in central corrected visual acuity, and this age group is in a timely manner to the recovering of this eye vision, through specific treatment.
In case of premature neonates, patients with congenital infections, congenital anomalies and chromosomal aberration should be submitted to fundus examination especially to help in systemic treatment and in the immediate commencement of visual recovery, according to the problem presented.
In adults, the most common problem presented to an ophthalmologist is the self-medication. Red eyes do not only mean conjunctivitis, it is often a sign of another disease such as glaucoma, uveitis, keratitis, Korean ulceration, or simply refractive errors (nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism), which can worsen if the person uses any eye drops, especially one based on corticosteroids.
When you experience any visual change as pain, redness, foreign body sensation, discharge, tearing, blurred vision, immediately look for an ophthalmologist. You may apply cold compresses on the eyelids, which will give comfort before the specific treatment.
Consulting the specialist is the smartest way to prevent diseases.